The education system in the United States (US) does not focus on letting kids specialize in a certain educational field at an early, rather places more emphasis on providing kids with a broad educational curriculum from an early age.
Teachers at early learning centers do not place emphasis on tests or examinations. Early learning centers are subsidized for low-income families, allowing children to attend part-time or full-time preschool. Parents become eligible for federal funds when kids are 1-year-old, but in most states, funds are only available to students who attend a part-time school.
The general education curriculum allows students to go up to Grade 12, after which they receive a high-school diploma. The primary and secondary schools place emphasis on developing English and math competency.
The US education system is typically divided into three levels, namely the elementary phase (Grades K–5), middle school (Grades 6–8), and high school (Grades 9–12). In some states, this can differ, where an elementary school may include Grade 6 or where a high school may offer educational programs for Grade 7 and 8 pupils.
In the elementary school years, children are given an academic foundation that they need to build on to advance to other areas of learning. The foundation or elementary learning stage occurs during grades 1 to 5, and the educational practices learned during these initial years need to be applied and developed more rigorously during Grade 6 and onwards.
Some states or districts prefer to separate kindergarten from the rest of the elementary school. However, the three divisions are acknowledged in the different configurations offered by districts.
Students in the US are expected to study a range of subjects, including and not limited to foreign languages, English, maths, sciences, art, history, and music, from elementary school to Grade 12. The educational system expects kids to acquire a basic level of knowledge from all these fields of study.
Towards the end of secondary school, children can take additional courses for subjects that they show a particular interest in. At the end of high school, students apply to college or university for a four-year program in their field of interest.